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He periodontium is the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones. Periodontics is the dental specialty that relates specifically to the care and maintenance of these tissues. It provides the support necessary to maintain teeth in function.

General indications of gum disease:

1.Gum Bleeding

2. Over growth og the gum and pegmentation

3. Receding gums

4. Bone resorption associated with the receding gums

5. Tooth mobility and tooth loss folowing bone resorption.

6. Foul Breath – Halitosis.


in this section  The treatments that are applied according to the indications are:

- Dental scaling and depegmentation

 - Gingival operations,

 -flap operations,

- curettage operations


In particular, the gummy smile lead to a bad aesthetic appearance. Recently, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty procedures for correction of the gummy smile are now often feasible and desirable.